For Teachers - Teaching Materials -
From Ocean to Table

How does seafood get to your plate?
Grades: 6 - College

(Photo: Sabrina Beyer)

Education Standards
Activity Guide & PowerPoint
Printable Materials
Online Resources

Overview: Through role-playing, teamwork, and a little fate, this activity provides students with an opportunity to get an “insider’s” view of what it takes to be an active stakeholder in a commercial fishery.

Whether a boat owner, dockside buyer, processing plant owner, distributor, or retail seafood store operator, each student will get a deeper sense of the complex factors that determine the viability of a commercial fishery.

Students will learn to understand the real costs that contribute to eventual market value, as well as experience some of the unanticipated gains or losses that can occur at any stage along the way.


  • Students will learn how to analyze various costs/benefits associated with a particular fishery and will understand the various roles performed by stakeholders of that fishery.
  • Students will learn how to calculate estimated revenues and expenses using data from a chart.
  • Students will learn to evaluate real-world options and challenges related to a particular fishery.
  • Students will be able to apply critical thinking and problem solving skills to their analysis of various stakeholder terms and transactions.

Time: 50 minutes

Education Standards


Science: NS.9-12.1 Science as Inquiry. NS.9-12.6 Personal and Social Perspectives: population growth, natural resources, environmental quality.
Math: NM-NUM.9-12.3 Number and Operations: compute fluently and make reasonable estimates. NM-PROB.PK-12.1-12.4 Problem-solving: solve problems that arise in mathematical and in other contexts; apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems. NM-PROB.CONN.PK-12.3 Connections: recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Economics: NSS-EC.9-12.2 Marginal Cost/Benefit. NSS-EC.9-12.8 Role of Price in Market System. NSS-EC.9-12.11 Role of Money.


Math: Algebra I (3.0) Students solve equations and inequalities involving absolute values. Algebra I (5.0) Students solve multi-step problems, including word problems, involving linear equations and linear inequalities in one variable and provide justification for each step. Algebra I (10.0) Students add, subtract, multiply, and divide. Students solve multi-step problems, including word problems, by using these techniques.
Economics: Grade 12, (12.1) Students understand common economic terms and concepts and economic reasoning.

Ocean Literacy

6. The ocean and humans are inextricably interconnected (b, c, e, g).

Activity Guide & Powerpoint

activity guide

Activity Guide
(pdf 11.9 MB)

powerpoint slides

PowerPoint Slides
(pdf, 5302 MB)

PowerPoint Notes
(pdf, 90 KB)

Printable Materials

role cards

Role Cards
(pdf 2.5 MB)

fate cards

Fate Cards
(pdf, 568 KB)

background data table

Background Data

(pdf 84 Kb)

stakeholder flow chart

Stakholder Flow

(pdf, 152 KB)

Post activity worksheet

Post Activity Worksheet
(pdf 116 KB)

Multiple Content Areas

middle school comp worksheet

Income/Expense Worksheet
(pdf 500 KB)

answer key

Income/Expense Answer Key
(pdf 3.7 MB)

Economics Class

middle school comp worksheet

Income/Expense Worksheet
(pdf 508 KB)

answer key

Income/Expense Answer Key
(pdf 3.5 MB)

Entire Module (zipfile 76.6 MB)

Online Resources
- Litpon, Douglas. 2004. Understanding Fish Pricing: From Production to the Tablelink leaves the site. Maryland Sea Grant Extension. College Park, MD.
- Pomeroy, Carrie and Michael Dalton. 2005. Market Channels and Value Added to Fish Landed at Monterey Area Ports link is a pdf. California Sea Grant College Program. San Diego, CA.
- Pomeroy, Carrie and Michael Dalton. 2003. Socio-Economics of the Moss Landing Commercial Fishing Industrylink leaves the site. Report to the Monterey County Office of Economic Development.
- Starr, Richard M., Jason M. Cope, and Lisa A. Kerr. 2002. Trends in Fisheries and Fishery Resources. California Sea Grant College Program. La Jolla, CA.


teacher evaluation

Teacher Evaluation
(fillable pdf 220 KB)


** We strongly encourage teachers to participate in our professional development workshops before implementing the curriculum. If you are interested, please contact us or visit the Teacher Trainings page to learn of the next workshop. **

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