Personal Watercraft (MPWC) are small, fast, and highly maneuverable craft
that possess unconventionally high thrust capability and horsepower relative to their
size and weight. This characteristic enables them to make sharp turns
at high speeds and alter direction rapidly, while maintaining controlled
stability. Their small size, shallow draft, instant thrust, and “quick
reflex” enable them to operate closer to shore and in areas that
would commonly pose a hazard to conventional craft operating at comparable
speeds. Many can be launched across a beach area, without the need for
a launch ramp. Most MPWC are designed to shed water, enabling an operator
to roll or swamp the vessel without serious complications or interruption
of vessel performance. The ability to shunt water from the load carrying
area exempts MPWC from Coast Guard safety rating standards for small boats.
MPWC are also designed to accommodate sudden separation and quick remount
by a rider. MPWC are not commonly equipped for night operation and have
limited instrumentation and storage space compared to conventional vessels.
MPWC propelled by a directional water jet pump do not commonly have a
rudder and must attain a minimum speed threshold to achieve optimal maneuverability.
They have no steerage when the jet is idle. More...