Socioeconomic Impact of National Marine Sanctuaries
Across all national marine sanctuaries, about $4 billion annually is generated in local coastal and ocean dependent economies from diverse activities like commercial fishing, research and recreation-tourist activities. Contributions from specific sanctuaries include:
According to a 2005 study, counties surrounding TBNMS garner $100 million in sales associated with sanctuary activities, $39.1 million in personal income to residents, $59.1 million in value added and 1,704 jobs.
Between 2000 and 2003, there were, on average, 473 commercial fishing operations and one kelp harvester in CINMS. The value of harvest/landings was $29.6 million; with multiplier impacts, this value translates to almost $88 million in income, which supported 2,000 jobs in seven California counties.
Between 1981 and 2003, the seven most important fisheries in the GFNMS and CBNMS yielded landings worth more than $31 million per year, accounting for 92 percent of landings and revenues in the Northern California ports.
A study completed in 2000 estimated that Massachusetts alone accounted for nearly 80 percent of New England whale watching tour totals, generating $31.3 million; virtually all of Massachusetts whale watching occurs in SBNMS.
Between 2007-2008, approximately 739,000 visitors and residents participated in 2.8 million days of diving in the Florida Keys; $54 million was spent at diving/snorkeling operations. Moreover, divers spent a total of $470 million in Monroe County, Florida Keys, supporting more than 7,500 jobs.
MBNMS provides opportunities for approximately 25 marine science facilities; these facilities employed almost 2,000 people in 2004 with a combined budget of over $200 million.