Channel Islands

photo of sea lion

Click on individual links below to learn more about the immediate science needs for critical management issues. For a full list of management issues and science needs, please review the CINMS Management Plan. To contact us about the science needs described below, contact the Sanctuary Research Coordinators

  • Historical Ecology

    An understanding of historical baseline status of the ecosystem and resources is needed for successful management and restoration efforts. (Updated 11/28/2012)

  • Climate Change

    To effectively manage the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (CINMS or Sanctuary), it will be important to understand the extent to which climate change affects resources, and be able to differentiate between those effects and those caused by activities that can be managed in a more immediate way. (Updated 5/26/2010)

  • Habitat Characterization

    Limited baseline information on habitat extent and distribution reduces the ability of Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (CINMS or Sanctuary) to understand resources and recognize or respond to existing and emerging pressures and threats to Sanctuary resources. (Updated 5/26/2010)

  • Human Dimensions

    The human dimensions of the CINMS need to be monitored and the status and trends of marine resources that support and/or are impacted by human use need to be documented. (Updated 11/28/2012)

  • Informatics

    Much data is collected within the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (CINMS or Sanctuary) that could inform current and future management and evaluation of resource status, but this utility is not realized because the information conveyed by that data is not accessible. (Updated 5/26/2010)

  • Deep Water Monitoring

    Deep water habitats in the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (CINMS or Sanctuary) are poorly understood and monitored, affecting our ability to fully evaluate diverse management action effectiveness. (Updated 5/26/2010)

  • Marine Zoning Monitoring

    Marine zoning, or marine spatial management, is occurring in and around the Channel Islands National marine Sanctuary (CINMS or Sanctuary) driven by a diversity of overlapping mandates and management objectives. We need to understand the effectiveness of actions as well as the interactions between management actions. (Updated 11/28/2012)

  • Protected Species

    Certain species found in the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (CINMS or Sanctuary) are protected under laws in addition to the National Marine Sanctuaries Act (NMSA). Mandates in these laws call for enhanced protection, restoration and recovery efforts from multiple agencies. These efforts need to be coordinated, prioritized and have their effectiveness verified. (Updated 5/26/2010)

  • Science-based Decision Support Protocols

    In spite of intense and long standing research and monitoring activities within the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (CINMS or Sanctuary), there are no objective, testable and reliable methods or decision support models to convert complex monitoring data into assessments of resource status for use by managers. (Updated 5/26/2010)

  • Water Quality

    Critical to effective management of resources of the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (CINMS or Sanctuary) is information of the status and trends of the water quality in and around the Sanctuary. To provide this information, an integrated water quality monitoring plan needs to be implemented. (Updated 5/26/2010)

  • Invasive Species

    Invasive species in the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (CINMS or Sanctuary) need to be tracked, monitored, and studied so that impacts to resources can be assessed and potential management actions, such as eradication, can be evaluated. (Updated 5/26/2010)