Science Needs for Each National Marine Sanctuary

photo of an anemone with a kelp forest in the background

Items are listed alphabetically by sanctuary. Click on the sanctuary name to go to the full documents.

American Samoa

  1. Climate Change: Ocean Acidification
  2. Ecosystem Connectivity
  3. Coral Reef Recovery and Resilience
  4. Resource Characterization and Monitoring
  5. Anthropogenic Threats to Resources
  6. Water Quality

Channel Islands

  1. Historical ecology
  2. Climate Change
  3. Marine Zoning Effectiveness in Deep Waters
  4. Human Dimension
  5. Habitat Characterization
  6. Informatics
  7. Invasive Species
  8. Marine Zoning Effectiveness in Shallow Waters
  9. Protected Species
  10. Science-based Decision Support Protocols
  11. Water Quality

Cordell Bank

  1. Alternative Energy
  2. Climate Change
  3. Deep Sea Coral and Sponge Communities
  4. Invasive Species
  5. Marine Zones and Fishing
  6. Maritime Heritage
  7. Vessel Traffic
  8. Contaminants

Florida Keys

  1. Climate Change
  2. Coral Reef Management
  3. Habitat Protection and Management
  4. Marine Zone Effectiveness
  5. Physical Oceanography
  6. Population Dynamics of Fin Fish
  7. Water Quality

Flower Garden Banks

  1. Biomass Removal
  2. Coral Disease
  3. Ecosystem Connectivity
  4. Habitat Characterization
  5. Impacts from Divers
  6. Socioeconomics
  7. Status and Trends of Resource Condition
  8. Water Quality - Contaminants

Gray’s Reef

  1. Benthic Pelagic Coupling
  2. Fish Spawning 
  3. Habitat Change - Sand Movement
  4. Invasive Species
  5. Managing Biodiversity
  6. Marine Zoning - Research Area
  7. Socioeconomics

Greater Farallones

  1. Esteros Habitat Characterization
  2. Invasive Species
  3. Marine Zone Effectiveness
  4. Ocean Acidification: Rocky Intertidal Habitats
  5. Sensitive Seafloor Communities and Threats
  6. Deep Sea Coral Communities

Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale

  1. Distribution of Key Species
  2. Status and Trends of Key Living Marine Resources

Monitor 

  1. Biological Connectivity
  2. Expanded Resource Protection
  3. Exploration, Mapping and Characterization
  4. Habitat and Biodiversity
  5. Human Dimension
  6. Marine Debris
  7. Public Engagement and Stewardship Development
  8. Resource Degradation and Corrosion
  9. Water Quality

Monterey Bay

  1. Beach Closures - Pathogen and Contaminants Research
  2. Ecological Characterization of Davidson Seamount
  3. Habitat Characterization of the Continental Shelf
  4. Coastal Armoring, Erosions and Sand Transport
  5. Bottom Trawling - Habitat and Species Recovery
  6. Plane and Ship Groundings and Sinkings
  7. Human Health - Harmful Algal Blooms
  8. Introduced Species
  9. Marine Zones - Impacts and Effectiveness
  10. Maritime Heritage Resources
  11. Socioeconomics and the Human Dimension
  12. Water Quality - Integrated Analyses
  13. Impacts from Tsunami Debris from Japan
  14. Landslide Management
  15. Personal Watercraft and Marine Wildlife
  16. Impacts on Whales from Human Uses
  17. Impacts of Desalination
  18. Characterization of Continental Slope

Olympic Coast

  1. Climate Change and Ocean Acidification
  2. Deep Sea Coral and Sponge Communities
  3. Management and Protection of Kelp Forest Systems
  4. Mapping and Characterization of Seafloor Habitats
  5. Marine Mammals and Seabirds Characterization
  6. Nearshore Characterization of Resources and Processes
  7. Status and Trends of Intertidal Species

Papahānaumokuākea

  1. Biodiversity
  2. Climate Change – Ocean Acidification
  3. Climate Change - Sea Level Rise
  4. Coral Bleaching
  5. Coral Disease
  6. Deep Water Habitat Protection
  7. Endangered Species
  8. Invasive Species
  9. Marine Debris
  10. Maritime Heritage
  11. Resource Characterization
  12. Water Quality
  13. Historical Ecology

Stellwagen Bank

  1. Acoustic Impacts to Resources
  2. Conservation of Biodiversity
  3. Marine Mammal Mortality and Injury
  4. Marine Zoning - Research Area
  5. Fishing Impacts to Maritime Heritage Resources
  6. Vessel Traffic
  7. Water Quality

Thunder Bay

  1. Anchoring Impacts to Resources
  2. Boundary Expansion
  3. Socioeconomics: Impacts of On-Water Recreation
  4. Socioeconomics: Visitors Center