Monitor Map
Home | FAQ |About this Report | Summary & Findings | System Wide Monitoring
Site History & Resources | Pressures | State of Sanctuary Resources | Responses
Concluding Remarks | Rating Criteria | References | Download Report

Cited References

Atkinson, L.P., J.O. Blanton and E.B. Haines. 1978. Shelf flushing rates based on the distribution of salinity and freshwater in the Georgia bight. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 7(5):465-472.

Balthis, W.L., J.L. Hyland, C. Cooksey, M.H. Fulton and G. McFall. 2007. Long-term monitoring of ecological conditions in Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary: Comparison of soft-bottom benthic assemblages and contaminant levels in sediments and biota in spring 2000 and 2005. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 68. 29 pp.
http://www8.nos.noaa.gov/nccos/filedownload.aspx?id=2540

Bird C., B. Hooker, G. Moretti, L. Nojek and D. Wusinich. 2001. An Analysis of Recreational Fishers’ Activities and Attitudes at Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary; Unpublished project, Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University.

Blanton, J.O. 1981. Ocean currents along a nearshore frontal zone on the continental shelf of the southeastern United States. Journal of Physical Oceanography 11(12):1627-37.

Blanton, B.O., A. Aretxabaleta, F.E. Werner and H.E. Seim. 2003. Monthly climatology of the continental shelf waters of the South Atlantic Bight, J. Geophys. Res. 108(C8):3264. http://www.unc.edu/~hseim/sablam/climatology/2003jc001609.pdf

Cooksey, C.J. Hyland, W.L. Balthis, M. Fulton, G. Scott and D. Bearden. 2004. Soft-bottom benthic assemblages and levels of contaminants in sediments and biota at Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary and nearby shelf waters off the coast of Georgia (2000 and 2001). NOAA Tech. Memo. NOS NCCOS 6. NOAA National Ocean Service, National Center for Coastal Environmental Health and Bimolecular Research, Charleston, SC. 55 pp.

Diaz, R.J. and R. Rosenberg. 1995. Marine benthic hypoxia: A review of its ecological effects and the behavioural responses of benthic macrofauna. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev. 33:245-03.

Ehler, R. and V.R. Leeworthy. May 2002. A Socioeconomic Overview of Georgia’s Marine Related Industries and Activities; NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce. http://graysreef.noaa.gov/newdraftplan/socioeconomic.pdf

Freeman, C.J., D.F. Gleason, R. Ruzicka, R.W.M. van Soest, A.W. Harvey and G.B. McFall. 2007. A biogeographic comparison of sponge fauna from Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary and other hard-bottom reefs of coastal Georgia, U.S.A. In: Porifera Research: Biodiversity, Innovation, and Sustainability, Custodio, M.R., G. Lobo-Hajdu, E. Hajdu and G. Muricy (eds.), Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacional. pp. 319-325.

Georgia Institute of Technology. 2006. Georgia coast 2030: population projections for the 10-county coastal region. Center for Quality Growth and Regional Development, Georgia Institute of Technology. 103 pp.

Gilligan, M.R. 1989. An illustrated field guide to the fishes of Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary. NOAA Technical Memorandum, NOS MEMD 25. Marine and Estuarine Management Division, OCRM, NOS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 77 pp.

Gleason, D.F., A.W. Harvey and S.P. Vives. 2007. A guide to the benthic invertebrates and cryptic fishes of Gray's Reef. Georgia Southern University. http://www.bio.georgiasouthern.edu/gr-inverts/index.html

Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary (GRNMS). 2006. State of the sanctuary report. National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration. 8 pp. http://www.graysreef.noaa.gov/pdfs/gr_sos_2006.pdf

Hare, J.A., H.J. Walsh, K.E. Marancik, D. Score, G.R. Sedberry, R.O. Parker Jr. and R.W. Mays. In prep. Fish fauna of Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary and the implications for place-based management. NOAA Mar. Cons. Ser.

Harriott, V.J., D. Davis and S.A. Banks. 1997. Recreational diving and its impact in marine protected areas in Eastern Australia. Ambio 26:173-179.

Harris, P.J., G.R. Sedberry, H.S. Meister and D.M. Wyanski. 2005. A summary of monitoring and tagging work by the Marine Resources Monitoring and Assessment Program at Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary during 2005. Report submitted to Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary by Marine Resources Research Institute, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Charleston. 10 pp.

Hyland, J.L., L. Balthis, I. Karakassis, P. Magni, A.N. Petrov, J.P. Shine, O. Vestergaard and R.M. Warwick. 2005. Organic carbon content of sediments as an indicator of stress in the marine benthos. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 295:91-103.

Hyland, J., C. Cooksey, W.L. Balthis, M. Fulton, D. Bearden, G. McFall and M. Kendall. 2006. The soft-bottom macrobenthos of Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary and nearby shelf waters off the coast of Georgia, USA. J. Exper. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 330:307-326.

Kendall, M.S., L.J. Bauer and C.F.G. Jeffrey. 2007. Characterization of the benthos, marine debris and bottom fish at Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary. Prepared by National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) Biogeography Team in cooperation with the National Marine Sanctuary Program. Silver Spring, MD. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 50. 82 pp. + Appendices.

Kendall, M.S., L.J. Bauer and C.F.G. Jeffrey. 2008. Influence of benthic features and fishing pressures on size and size and distribution of three exploited reef fishes from the southeastern United States. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137:1134–1146.

Kendall, M.S., O.P. Jensen, C. Alexander, D. Field, G. McFall, R. Bohne and M.E. Monaco. 2005. Benthic mapping using sonar video transects, and an innovative approach to accurate assessment: A characterization of bottom features in the Georgia Bight. J. Coastal Res. 21:1154-1165.

Kimball, M.E., J.M. Miller, P.E. Whitfield, and J.A. Hare. 2004. Tjermal tolerance and potential distribution of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles complex) on the east coast of the United States. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 283: 269-278.

Li, C. 2001. Penetrating shelf front in the south Atlantic bight. American Geophysical Union Ocean Sciences Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii (USA), 11-15 Feb 2002. Vol. 82, suppl.

Long, J.D., M.E. Frischer, C.Y. Robertson. 2007. A Phaeocystis globosa bloom associated with upwelling in the subtropical South Atlantic Bight Journal of Plankton Research 2007 29(9):769-774

McGovern, J.C., G.R. Sedberry, H.S. Meister and D.M. Wyanski. 2002. A summary of monitoring and tagging work by the Marine Resources Monitoring and Assessment Program at Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary during 2002. Report submitted to Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary by Marine Resources Research Institute, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Charleston. http://ocean.floridamarine.org/efh_coral/pdfs/GraysMarmap.pdf

McFall, G.B. and E. LaRoche. 1998. Identification and species diversity of sessile invertebrate fauna indigenous to the natural rock formations of Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary. Summary report of 1998 research conducted aboard the NOAA Ship Ferrel in Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary under permit #GRNMS-02-98. http://graysreef.noaa.gov/mcfall.html

National Marine Sanctuary Program. 2006. Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary Final Management Plan/Final Environmental Impact Statement. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Sanctuary Program, Silver Spring, MD. 260 pp.

National Marine Sanctuary Program. 2004. A monitoring framework for the National Marine Sanctuary System. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service. Silver Spring, MD. 22 pp.

National Marine Fisheries Service. 2008. Annual Report to Congress on the Status of U.S. Fisheries-2007. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, Natl., Mar. Fish. Serv., Silver Spring, MD. 23 pp.

Ocean Management Task Force (OMTF). 2004. Oceanography, Weather Patterns and Climate Change. In: The Massachusetts Ocean Management Task Force Technical Report. Vol. 2.

Ponder, W.F., P.A. Hutchings and R. Chapman. 2002. Overview of the conservation of Australia’s marine invertebrates. A report for environment Australia. http://www.amonline.net.au/invertebrates/marine_overview/index.html

Riggs, S.R., S.W. Snyder, A.C. Hine and D.L. Mearns. 1996. Hardbottom morphology and relationships to the geologic framework: Mid-Atlantic continental shelf. J. Sediment. Res. 66(4):830-846.

Ruiz-Carus, R., R.E. Matheson, D.E. Roberts and P.E. Whitfield. 2006. The western Pacific red lionfish, Pterois volitans (Scorpaenidae). In: Florida: Evidence for reproduction and parasitism in the first exotic marine fish established in state waters. Biol. Conserv. 128(March):384-390.

Ruzicka, R. 2005. Sponge community structure and anti-predator defenses on temperate reefs of the South Atlantic Bight. M.S. Thesis, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA. 84 pp.

Sedberry, G.R., O. Pashuk, D.M. Wyanski, J.A. Stephen and P. Weinbach. 2006. Spawning locations for Atlantic reef fishes off the southeastern U.S. Proc. Gulf Carib. Fish. Inst. 57:463-514.

Southeast Data, Assessment, and Review (SEDAR). 2008. Stock assessment report 1 (SAR 1) South Atlantic red snapper. 397 pp.

Talge, H. Impact of recreational divers on coral reefs in the Florida Keys. In: Jaap, C. (ed.) Diving for science 1990. Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences Tenth Annual Scientific Diving Symposium. October 4-7, 1990. University of South Florida – St. Petersburg, Fla. pp. 365-374. http://www.coral.noaa.gov/bib/abstracts/author-t/talge.html

Tenore, K.R., C.F. Chamberlain, W.M. Dunstan, R.B. Hanson, B. Sherr and J.H. Tietjen. 1978. Possible effects of Gulf Stream intrusions and coastal runoff on the benthos of the continental shelf of the Georgia Bight. In: Wiley, M.L. (Ed.), Estuarine interactions. Academic Press, New York, pp. 577-598.

Torres, L.G., P.E. Rosel, C. D’Agrosa and A.J. Read. 2003. Improving management of overlapping bottlenose dolphin ecotypes through spatial analysis and genetics. Mar. Mammal Sci. 19(3):502-14.

Verity, P.G., M. Alber and S.B. Bricker. 2006. Development of hypoxia in well-mixed subtropical estuaries in the southeastern USA. Estuaries and Coasts 29(4):665-673.

Visser, J. M., C.E. Sasser, R.H. Chabreck and R.G. Linscombe. 2002. The impact of a severe drought on the vegetation of a subtropical estuary. Estuaries 25(6A):1184-95.

Wagner, L.M. Population genetic structure of the temperate scleractinian coral, Oculina arbuscula, in coastal Georgia. 2006. M.S. Thesis, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA. 59 pp.

Walsh, H.J., K.E. Marancik and J.A. Hare. 2006. Juvenile fish assemblages collected on unconsolidated sediments of the southeast United States continental shelf. Fish. Bull. 104:256-277.

Whitfield P.E., T. Gardner, S.P. Vives, M.R. Gilligan, W.R. Coutenay Jr., G.C. Ray and J.A. Hare. 2002. Biological invasion of the Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans along the Atlantic coast of North America. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 235:289-297.

Additional Resources

Georgia Department of Natural Resources

Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary

Gray’s Reef sanctuary Web site, General Information About Gray’s Reef sanctuary

Gray’s Reef sanctuary Web site, Geological History of Gray’s Reef sanctuary

Gray’s Reef sanctuary Web site, Reflections on Milton B. “Sam” Gray

Gray’s Reef sanctuary Web site, Research

Marine Protected Areas of the United States

NOAA National Marine Sanctuary Program

NOAA Ocean Explore Web site, South Atlantic Bight

NOAA Ocean Explorer

NOAA’s Marine Debris Program

NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service

Sherpa Guides Web site, The Natural History of Georgia’s Barrier Islands

Skidaway Institute of Oceanography

South Atlantic Bight Synoptic Offshore Observational Network

South Atlantic Fishery Management Council

Southeast Fisheries Science Center

The Reef Environmental Education Foundation

USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Home | FAQ |About this Report | Summary & Findings | System Wide Monitoring
Site History & Resources | Pressures | State of Sanctuary Resources | Responses
Concluding Remarks | Rating Criteria | References | Download Report

leaving site indicates a link leaves the site. Please view our Link Disclaimer for more information.
Revised August 06, 2008 by Sanctuaries Web Team | Contact Us | Web Site Owner: National Ocean Service
National Ocean Service | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | Privacy Policy | For Employees | User Survey
http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/science/condition/grnms/resources.html