Pressures on Stellwagen Bank Sanctuary
Numerous human activities and natural events and processes affect the condition of natural and archaeological resources in marine sanctuaries. This section describes the nature and extent of the most prominent pressures on the Stellwagen Bank sanctuary.Fiber-Optic Cable
A fiber optic cable was laid across the northern part of the sanctuary under federal permit in 2000. This cable provides a direct link between North America and the Republic of Ireland. The cable is designed for a life expectancy of 25 years and is buried at an average depth of approximately 1.5 meters into the seafloor. The major impact is habitat disturbance from the cable laying (and burial) process, and from potential repair or removal operations.