For Teachers - Teaching Materials -
Balance in the Bay

How do population dynamics, environmental variability,
and fishing regulations relate?

Grades: 6 - College

(Photo: California Wetfish Processors Association)

Education Standards
Activity Guide & PowerPoint
Printable Materials
Online Resources

Overview: In this activity, students will take part in a simulated fishery, harvesting California Market Squid - Doryteuthis opalescens (formerly Loligo opalescens) - that are common in Monterey Bay and the Pacific Ocean. Because of their quick response time to environmental conditions, Market Squid can provide an interesting example of ecosystem-based management at work.

Student groups will take on various roles in a simulated fishing community, making decisions while also facing a range of natural and man-made challenges. These decisions will impact their own well being in addition to the well being of the natural squid population as a shared or "common" resource.

Maintaining a balance that sustains both the squid population and the squid fishery, which relies on that population, will prove to be challenging. Students will analyze their decisions and recognize the difficulty associated with maintaining a healthy "balance in the bay."


  • Students will gain an understanding of some of the inter-related factors involved in the ecosystem-based management of a marine resource.
  • Students will learn to effectively apply critical thinking and problem-solving skills to respond to natural and man-made challenges.
  • Students will learn how to apply ecosystem-based management principles to find solutions.
  • Students will learn to use basic arithmetic to calculate and record numerical values, prepare and interpret graphs and charts, and make decisions based on their understanding of these numbers.

Time: 150 minutes

Education Standards


Science: NS.9-12.1 Science as Inquiry. NS.9-12.6 Personal and Social Perspectives: population growth, natural resources, environmental quality.
Math: NM-NUM.9-12.3 Number and Operations: compute fluently and make reasonable estimates. NM-PROB.CONN.PK-12.3 Connections: recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.
Economics: NSS-EC.9-12.1 Scarcity. NSS-EC.9-12.11 Role of Money. NSS-EC.9-12.13 Role of Resources in Determining Income.
Social Sciences: NSS-G.K-12.2 Places and Regions. NSS-G.K-12.3 Physical Systems.


Science: Grade 9-12, Ecology (6): Sustainability in an ecosystem is a balance between competing effects. Grade 9-12, Investigation & Experimentation (1): Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful investigations.
Math: Algebra I (3.0): Students solve equations and inequalities involving absolute values. Algebra I (5.0): Students solve multi-step problems, including word problems, involving linear equations and linear inequalities in one variable and provide justification for each step.

Ocean Literacy

1. The Earth has one big ocean with many features (h).
5. The ocean supports a great diversity of life and ecosystems (f).
6. The ocean and humans are inextricably interconnected (b, c, e, g).

Activity Guide & Powerpoint

activity guide

Activity Guide
(pdf 6.2 MB)

powerpoint slides

PowerPoint Slides
(pdf, 4.5MB)

PowerPoint Notes
(pdf, 58Kb)

Printable Materials

role cards

Role Cards
(pdf 1.2 MB)

ecosystem challenge cards

Ecosystem Challenge Cards
(pdf, 3282Kb)

community fishery sheet image

Community Fishery Sheet
(pdf 84 Kb)

community fishery graph

Community Fishery Graph
(pdf, 84Kb)

California squid fishing regulations

Squid Fishing Regulations & Restrictions
(pdf 84 Kb)

Middle School

middle school comp worksheet

Computation Worksheet
(pdf 6.2 MB)

powerpoint slides of completed worksheet

Completed Worksheets
(ppt 684 KB)

High School, Community College, and Undergraduate

middle school comp worksheet

Computation Worksheet
(pdf 192 KB)

powerpoint slides of completed worksheet

Completed Worksheets
(pdf 500 KB)

Entire Module (zipfile 44.3 MB)

Online Resources
- Hardin, Garrett. 1968. The Tragedy of the Commonslink leaves the site. Science Magazine, 162: 1243-48.
- Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary
- Leos, Robert. 2007. Commercial landings tables. California Department of Fish and Game
- Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act. 1996. Public Law 94-265
- California Department of Fish and Game. 2005. Market Squid Fishery Provisions link is a pdf. September 2008
- California Department of Fish and Game. 2005. Market Squid Fishery Management Plan. September 2008
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2007. Ecosystem-based Management link is a pdf. July 2008


teacher evaluation

Teacher Evaluation
(fillable pdf 220 KB)


** We strongly encourage teachers to participate in our professional development workshops before implementing the curriculum. If you are interested, please contact us or visit the Teacher Trainings page to learn of the next workshop. **

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