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Cordell Bank NMS Science Needs
Click on individual links below to learn more about the immediate science needs for critical management issues. For a full list of management issues and science needs, please review the CBNMS Management Plan. To contact us about the science needs described below, contact the Sanctuary Research Coordinators.


Alternative Energy (Updated 5/1/2010)
The development of alternative energy in offshore environments of the United States West Coast has been proposed, and such activity within Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary (CBNMS or Sanctuary) would have an unknown effect on living resources and habitats.

Climate Change (Updated 5/1/2010)
Within the region of Cordell Bank National marine Sanctuary (CBNMS or Sanctuary), there is limited information on how atmospheric and oceanographic conditions vary on multiple temporal scales and how these forcing mechanisms influence distribution and abundance patterns of sanctuary living resources.

Deep Sea Coral and Sponge Communities (Updated 5/1/2010)
Incomplete knowledge of the presence, abundance, and habitat associations of deep water sensitive species (e.g., corals and sponges) and their associated communities within Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary (CBNMS or Sanctuary) hampers our ability to protect these unique and biologically diverse communities from anthropogenic disturbances.

Invasive Species (Updated 5/1/2010)
Incomplete knowledge of the presence, abundance, and impacts of non-indigenous species within Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary (CBNMS or Sanctuary) hampers our ability to understand changes in the ecosystem as well as plan and implement mitigation strategies.

Marine Zones and Fishing (Updated 5/1/2010)
Large areas within Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary (CBNMS or Sanctuary) have been closed to fishing as part of the Pacific Fishery Management Council's rebuilding plan for over-harvested groundfish stocks; the degree that Cordell Bank contributes to regional groundfish populations and the effect of recent closures are poorly known.

Maritime Heritage (Updated 5/1/2010)
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary (CBNMS or Sanctuary) has incomplete knowledge of the potential occurrence of maritime heritage resources and sunken polluters, since less than 40% of the Sanctuary has been mapped using sonar technology capable of detecting sunken vessels.

Vessel Traffic (Updated 5/1/2010)
Vessel activity has the potential to impact resources of the Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary (CBNMS or Sanctuary) resources through discharge of materials and oil spills, acoustic and physical disturbance to wildlife, and direct injury or mortality of marine mammals due to collision.

Contaminants (Updated 5/1/2010)
There is the potential for high contaminant levels in Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary (CBNMS or Sanctuary) due to its proximity to a large metropolitan area as well as extensive agricultural lands and historic mining operations; however, there is little information on transport pathways and contaminant concentrations in benthic habitats.

Cover Sheet

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