Monitoring Projects By Subject Sanctuary

National marine sanctuaries conduct and support monitoring programs that target a wide array of topics involving natural processes and human influences on water, habitat, living resources and maritime archaeological resources. The following tables provide a listing of the major subject areas that are being monitored at each sanctuary. For a complete listing and description of all monitoring programs please visit each sanctuary's Monitoring Inventory.

National Marine Sanctuary of American Samoa Click to Expand

Water Quality
- Currents- Nitrogen
- Dissolved Oxygen- pH
- Fecal coliform- Phosphorus
- Light penetration- Salinity
- Water Temperature- Turbidity
Living Marine Resources
- Algae
- Cetaceans
- Coral
- Reef Fish
Habitat
- Algae
- Coral
- Type (presence, distribution)
General
- Real-time Oceanographic Data

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary Click to Expand

Water Quality
- Algal Blooms- Salinity
- Fluorometry- Oxygen
- Ocean Color- Water Temperature
- Surface Currents (direction, speed)
Living Marine Resources
- Marine Mammals (photogrammetry, populations)- Abalone
- Pinnipeds (population assessments)- Cetaceans
- Eelgrass- Sea Turtles
- Seabirds (reproductive success, distribution)- Fish (population surveys)
- Kelp (population dynamics, coverage, locations)- Whale Sightings
- Marine Invertebrates (indicators, population trends, core monitoring, biodiversity)
Habitat
- Eelgrass
- Kelp
- Type (presence, distribution)
General
- Changing Oceanographic Conditions- Population dynamics
- Real-time Oceanographic Data- Introduced Species
- Fish (recruitment, tracking)- Weather Quality

Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary Click to Expand

Water Quality
- Algal Blooms- Salinity
- Current Speed- Tides
- Fluorometry- Turbidity
- Ocean Color- Water Temperature
- Oxygen- Wind
- Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)
Living Marine Resources
- Cetaceans- Phytoplankton
- Commercial Fisheries- Pinnipeds
- Ground Fish- Sea Turtles
- Invertebrates- Zooplankton
- Marine Birds
Habitat
- Coral
- Hard-bottom
- Seafloor Characterization
- Seagrass
- Soft-bottom
General
- Acoustics
- Climatologies
- Fishing Impacts
- Human Health
- Marine Debris: Fishing Gear
- Real-time Oceanographic Data
- Tracking

Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary Click to Expand

Water Quality
- Dissolved Oxygen- Phytoplankton
- Nutrients- Salinity
- pH- Turbidity
- Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)- Water Temperature
Living Marine Resources
- Coral
- Invertebrates
- Mangroves
- Queen Conch
- Spiny Lobster
Habitat
- Coral
- Mangroves
- Type (presence, distribution)
General
- Real-time Oceanographic Data

Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary Click to Expand

Water Quality
- Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)- Depth
- Dissolved Oxygen- Salinity
- pH- Water Temperature
Living Marine Resources
- Algae- Invertebrates
- Coral- Lobster
- Diadema- Manta Ray
- Fish- Sea Turtles
Habitat
- Algae
- Coral
- Low Relief and High Relief Habitat
General
- Fish Tracking
- Real-time Oceanographic Data

Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary Click to Expand

Water Quality
- Chlorophyll a- pH
- Conductivity- Salinity
- Depth- Turbidity
- Dissolved Oxygen- Water Temperature
Living Marine Resources
- Cetaceans
- Fish (population surveys)
- Marine Invertebrates
- Sea Turtle
Habitat
- Hard-bottom
- Type (presence, distribution)
General
- Marine Debris
- Real-time Oceanographic Data
- Vessel Traffic

Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary Click to Expand

Water Quality
- Rainfall- Salinity
- Current Speed- Wind (speed, direction)
- Fluorometry- Turbidity
- Oxygen- Water Temperature
Living Marine Resources
- Cetaceans- Phytoplankton
- Invertebrates- Pinnipeds
- Fish- Kelp
- Ground Fish- Sea Turtles
- Marine Birds- Mussels, Oysters
Habitat
- Rocky Intertidal
- Hard-bottom
- Kelp
- Sediment Quality
- Soft-bottom
- Sandy Intertidal
General
- Acoustics
- Remote Sensing
- Side Scan Sonar
- Weather Quality

Hawaiian Islands National Marine Sanctuary Click to Expand

Water Quality
- N/A
Living Marine Resources
- Cetaceans
Habitat
- bathymetry
General
- Marine Debris (derelict fishing gear)
- Real-time Oceanographic Data
- Ship Strikes

Monitor National Marine SanctuaryClick to Expand

Water Quality
- Air Temperature
- NOAA Data Buoy
- Water Temperature
- Waves
- Wind
Living Marine Resources
- Fish
- Invertebrates
Habitat
- Artificial reef
General
- Maritime Heritage
- Real-time Oceanographic Data

Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Click to Expand

Water Quality
- Algal Blooms- Salinity
- Current Speed- Tides
- Dissolved Oxygen- Toxicity
- Fluorometry- Turbidity
- Nutrient Content- Wind (speed, direction)
- Oxygen- Water Temperature
- Water (circulation, flow, level, temperature)
Living Marine Resources
- Cetaceans- Phytoplankton
- Commercial Fisheries- Pinnipeds
- Elasmobranchs- Kelp
- Ground Fish- Sea Turtles
- Invertebrates- Zooplankton
- Marine Birds- Mussels, Oysters
- Population Surveys
Habitat
- Coral- Rocky Intertidal
- Hard-bottom- Sandy Intertidal
- Seafloor Characterization- Kelp
- Seagrass- Sediment Quality
- Soft-bottom
General
- Changing Oceanographic Conditions- Acoustics
- Climate Change- Chemical Contamination
- Fishing Impacts- ENSO
- High Frequency Radar- Human Health
- Oil Spills- Remote Sensing (AUVs)
- Real-time Oceanographic Data- Side Scan Sonar
- Waste Water- Weather Quality

Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary Click to Expand

Water Quality
- Fluorometry- Salinity
- Algal Blooms- Carbon Dioxide
- Currents- Dissolved Oxygen
- Tides- Water Temperature
- Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)
Living Marine Resources
- Cetaceans- Algae
- Invertebrates- Pinnipeds
- Macroinvertebrate- Sea Otter
- Reef Fish- Kelp
- Ground Fish- Turtles
- Marine Birds (near shore, off shore)- Mussels, Oysters
Habitat
- Rocky Intertidal- Sandy Intertidal
- Hard-bottom- Coral
- Kelp- Seafloor
- Algae- Subtidal
- Soft-bottom
General
- Invasive Species (Green Cab)- Fishing Intensity
- Real-time Oceanographic Data- Weather Quality
- Changing Oceanographic Conditions- Acoustics
- Remote Sensing (ROV, AUV)

Papahānaumokuākea Marine National MonumentClick to Expand

Water Quality
- Currents
- Tides
- Water Temperature
- Waves
Living Marine Resources
- Benthic Algae- Non-coral Invertebrates
- Coral- Reef Fish
- Marine Birds- Sea Turtles
- Monk Seals- Slipper Lobster
- Spiny Lobster
Habitat
- Algae
- Coral
General
- Carbonate Chemistry
- Derelict Fishing Gear
- Invasive Species
- Marine Debris
- Maritime Heritage
- Real-time Oceanographic Data

Stellwagen Bank National Marine SanctuaryClick to Expand

Water Quality
- Contaminants (organic, inorganic)
- Water Temperature
Living Marine Resources
- Cetaceans
- Commercial Fish
Habitat
- Hard-bottom
General
- Acoustics- Ship Strikes
- GMOOS, NERACOOS- Trawl Surveys
- Historical Ecology- Vessel Traffic
- Ocean Observing
- Real-time Oceanographic Data

Thunder Bay National Marine SanctuaryClick to Expand

Water Quality
- Water Temperature
- Waves
- Wind
Living Marine Resources
- N/A
Habitat
- N/A
General
- Maritime Heritage
- Real-time Oceanographic Data

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