Community Engagement in National Marine Sanctuaries - PART 1: Volunteering
By Megan Howes
National marine sanctuaries rely on volunteers like you! Volunteering is one way to explore our nation's underwater treasures while doing your part to ensure a healthy ocean and Great Lakes. Whether once a week or once a year, meaningful opportunities abound for visitors and locals alike with all levels of knowledge and commitment to contribute to marine conservation and stewardship.
When you volunteer with national marine sanctuaries, you join a community of individuals working to strengthen these special places in our ocean and Great Lakes. The diverse skills, knowledge, and support volunteers provide have made a substantive contribution to national marine sanctuaries since the mid 1990s, when the Beach Watch crew at Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuary became NOAA's first volunteer program. Since then, the scope of projects taken on by volunteers has expanded to encompass the many goals of sanctuaries, including ocean conservation, maritime heritage preservation, and public education. Volunteer programs continue to grow across the sanctuary system and the total number of hours contributed rises every year.
When you volunteer with sanctuaries, you're signing up for programs that are recognized for their strength and robustness. For example, the Channel Islands Naturalist Corps and Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale Sanctuary Ocean Count have both been named Take Pride in America Outstanding Federal Volunteer Programs, celebrating their significant contribution to environmental stewardship.
The Channel Islands Naturalist Corps is a specially-trained and knowledgeable volunteer team that collects valuable data on sanctuary resources, and educates more than half a million visitors annually on whale watches in the sanctuary, island hikes in Channel Islands National Park, and other community events on the coast of Southern California.
The Sanctuary Ocean Count monitors the size and distribution of the large aggregation of humpback whales that visit Hawaiʻi during their breeding and calving season. Every January through March, about 1,000 volunteers spread over 60 land-based sites to monitor whale activity. Their efforts are used to refine the sanctuary's role in conservation, and to coordinate shore-based whale watching opportunities for public education.
Volunteers also help sanctuaries with public outreach and education. Team OCEAN (Ocean Conservation Education Action Network) is a fleet of on-the-water docents who engage with and educate recreational boaters about natural history, special sanctuary zones, responsible wildlife viewing, and proper use of sanctuary resources. Team OCEAN volunteers serve as kayak naturalists in Monterey Bay and play a similar interpretive role in the Florida Keys, where they are stationed on NOAA vessels at heavily visited reefs. Recently, the program also expanded to Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary. Team OCEAN is an invaluable contact point for recreational visitors to sanctuaries: volunteers ensure responsible enjoyment of sanctuary resources and promote a positive experience through education.
Prefer to enjoy the marine environment from dry land? To engage the public through visual media, a few sanctuary communities (such as Gray's Reef in Georgia and Thunder Bay in Michigan) host ocean-themed film festivals and similar events, which are run smoothly with the help of volunteers. Similarly, sanctuary visitor centers are staffed by volunteer docents, and sanctuary content is featured at various inland partner facilities like aquariums and museums. Even if you aren't located near a sanctuary, there are plenty of opportunities to expand the reach of sanctuaries well beyond the coast, to inspire ocean literacy and stewardship values in audiences across the country.
If you're a history buff, there are also plenty of volunteer opportunities for you. Along with natural resource conservation, sanctuaries seek to preserve our nation's maritime heritage. On the East Coast at Monitor National Marine Sanctuary, the ANCHOR (Appreciating the Nation's Cultural Heritage and Ocean Resources) program enlists volunteers to inform local divers about how to responsibly visit the area's numerous shipwrecks. The goal of minimizing disturbance to wrecks is twofold: these are artifacts of our maritime history, and have also been reclaimed by the sea and are now ecologically-vital artificial reefs.
On the coast, you can help protect ocean ecosystems by helping keep beaches clean. Marine debris, such as discarded fishing gear and plastic trash, is a severe threat to coastal and marine wildlife. To reduce the amount of debris that reaches the ocean, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary works with Washington CoastSavers to hold regular beach cleanups. In addition to helping maintain cleaner beaches, volunteers record the types and amounts of trash for NOAA's Marine Debris Program. By studying the problem of marine debris, we have a better chance of solving it at the source. Since 2000, 320 tons of marine debris have been removed from the Washington shoreline by over 10,000 CoastSavers volunteers. Other sanctuaries around the country hold beach clean-ups on a smaller scale, and of course, you don't have to be associated with the sanctuary or an organized event to do your part in keeping our ocean trash free!
To get involved, the only prerequisite in many cases is enthusiasm and dedication to the cause. Where certain knowledge is necessary, sanctuary staff will get you up to speed. Each year, new recruits join the ranks of returning volunteers. Stewardship of more than 600,000 square miles (and counting!) of sanctuary areas is a big undertaking, and given the ever growing threats to marine environments, we need all hands on deck. As Claire Fackler, national volunteer coordinator, explains, "volunteers and citizen scientists are an important part of our assurance that these special ocean areas we call national marine sanctuaries remain the underwater treasures they are—now and in the future. These volunteers are an essential link into local communities that help broaden awareness, appreciation, and ultimately stewardship of these underwater parks."
The National Marine Sanctuary System works at a national level because of local community engagement and dedicated support across the country. No matter where you live, from sea to shining sea, the ocean plays a role in the life of every American. The sanctuaries themselves may be out of sight for many of us, but robust teams of volunteers make sure that our beaches, reefs, watersheds, and ocean heritage are never out of mind. It falls to each of us to ensure that our wealth of ocean resources are available for the future.