2018 Nautilus Expedition

This summer and fall, NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries is teaming up with Ocean Exploration Trust to explore the marine ecosystems of the West Coast and Hawai‘i. Working aboard the Exploration Vessel (E/V) Nautilus, scientists will map and explore targets throughout the U.S. West Coast from Canada to Southern California, and west to the Hawaiian Islands and Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Researchers will conduct mapping operations and use remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) to investigate Olympic Coast, Monterey Bay, and Channel Islands national marine sanctuaries as well as Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. You can watch the livestream here.

The NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research provides support for the complementary ocean exploration program of the E/V Nautilus, which operates under a similar paradigm as the NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer.

map of cruise leg locations along the west coast and pacific islands of the united states
Nautilus 2018 expedition map. Image: OET
Nautilus at sea
E/V Nautilus. Photo: OET

The E/V Nautilus is equipped with telepresence, which will allow scientists from around the world to participate and contribute to the success of this mission. Plus, telepresence will bring the National Marine Sanctuary System and ocean science to the classroom, as students across the country will directly engage with mission staff and operations.

For a full run-down of Nautilus' 2018 expedition plan and to watch live video, visit nautiluslive.org. Read on for details on the expedition's voyages into your national marine sanctuaries.

You can follow the expedition on the NOAA Office of National Marine Sanctuaries social media channels, and check back here for updates, photos, and video as the expedition continues.
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rov hercules
ROV Hercules. Credit: OET
nautilus control room
Nautilus control room. Credit: OET
rov hercules launching off e/v nautilus
ROV Hercules launches off of the E/V Nautilus. Credit: Claire Fackler/NOAA
light purple octopus
This Graneledone boreopacifica octopus was sighted in Bodega Canyon in Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary during the 2017 Nautilus expedition. Photo: OET/NOAA

Cascadia mapping cruise: Meteorite fall in Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary

map of the march 8 2018 meteorite fall in olympic coast national marine sanctuary

Dates: July 1-4, 2018

Lead scientists: Dr. Nicole Raineault, Ocean Exploration Trust; Dr. Marc Fries, NASA; Dr. Dana Manalang, University of Washington; Jenny Waddell, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary

Area of exploration: Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary, Washington

On March 7, 2018, a large meteorite broke up and fell into the ocean about 15 miles off the coast of Washington. At the request of Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary, NASA, and the University of Washington, the E/V Nautilus crew mapped the area of the debris field and conducted an ROV dive to attempt to locate and recover meteorite fragments from the seafloor. Mapping and recovery efforts focused on an area of about one square kilometer (0.4 square miles) that was determined likely to contain the highest density of meteorite fragments.

This short expedition included transit from Astoria, Oregon, to Sidney, British Columbia in Canada. Along the way, researchers used the E/V Nautilus’s EM302 multibeam echosounder and subbottom profiler at the site of the meteorite fall in Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary to document characteristics of the debris field. Using the ROVs Hercules and Argus, researchers located and recovered meteorite fragments with a variety of tools, including a specially-designed magnetic "rake." Recovered suspected meteorite fragments were rinsed several times in deionized water prior to being further tested. Confirmed meteorite fragments will be transferred to the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, DC, for curation as part of their research collections.

This expedition also provided an opportunity to fill gaps in high resolution mapping of the seafloor along the ship's route.

Map data at left courtesy of Dr. Marc Fries/NASA.

Click each image below for a larger version.

rov hercules launching off e/v nautilus
ROV Hercules launches off of the E/V Nautilus to search for meteorite fragments in Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary. Photo: Susan Poulton/OET
researchers looking at computer screens
The science team in the E/V Nautilus control van monitor the dive and identify potential sampling targets. Photo: Susan Poulton/OET
rov hercules launching off e/v nautilus
NASA scientist Dr. Marc Fries examines early sample returns attached to a magnetic board. Photo: Susan Poulton/OET
meteorite fragment
This "fusion crust" fragment retrieved from Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary is believed to be a piece of meteorite exterior that melted as it entered Earth's atmosphere. Photo: Susan Poulton/OET
meteorite fragment
This "fusion crust" fragment retrieved from Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary is believed to be a piece of meteorite exterior that melted as it entered Earth's atmosphere. Photo: Susan Poulton/OET
ROV Hercules samples for meteorite fragments in Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary. Video: OET/Nautilus Live

Papahāunaumokuākea Marine National Monument

map of proposed targets papahānaumokuākea marine national monument

Dates: September 14 - October 1, 2018

Lead scientists: Dr. Christopher Kelley, University of Hawai‘i; Dr. Thomas Hourigan, NOAA Deep-Sea Coral Research and Technology Program; Allison Fundis, Ocean Exploration Trust

Area of exploration: Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, Hawai‘i

Several seamounts in an unexplored part of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument appear to have been formed by an unknown mechanism. This part of the expedition mapped and conducted ROV dives on these seamounts to help determine how and when they formed and to document the biological communities that presently live on them.

The seamounts are located between the Musicians Seamounts and the Hawaiian ridge and may be important to the connectivity between these two areas. The ROV dives surveyed these seamounts for the presence of deep high density coral and sponge communities similar to those found in the Musicians and on rift zone ridges on some of the Hawaiian banks.

Click each image below for a larger version.

squat lobster on black coral
A Uroptychus sp. squat lobster rests on a black coral. Photo: OET/NOAA
sea anemone
A sea anemone and small sea snail on the seafloor. Photo: OET/NOAA
mushroom coral
A red Anthomastus sp. mushroom coral. Photo: OET/NOAA
orange anglerfish on seafloor
A Chaunacops coloratus anglerfish rests on the seafloor. Photo: OET/NOAA
comb jelly
A comb jelly. Photo: OET/NOAA
crinoid
A crinoid attached to a stalk of coral. Photo: OET/NOAA
glass sponge with yellow crinoids on it
Yellow crinoids attached to a glass sponge. Photo: OET/NOAA
gulper eel
A gulper eel. Photo: OET/NOAA
sea cucumber
A transluscent sea cucumber. Its organs are visible, as is recently-injested sediment in its intestines. Photo: OET/NOAA
sponge
A deep-sea sponge. Photo: OET/NOAA
The ROV team encounters a gulper eel.

Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary

map of proposed targets in monterey bay national marine sanctuary

Dates: October 21-31, 2018

Lead scientist: Chad King, Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary

Area of exploration: Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, California

During this part of the expedition, scientists will characterize an unexplored, deep-water (>10,000 feet) region within the borders of Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. This area is a basaltic rocky reef southeast of Davidson Seamount. Researchers seek to characterize the habitat, species, and communities that live there.

In 2009, Davidson Seamount Management Zone was added to the area protected by Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, expanding the sanctuary area by 775 square miles to a total of 6,094 square miles. Driving Davidson Seamount’s inclusion in the sanctuary was the discovery of communities of long-lived deep-sea corals and sponges during collaborative expeditions by NOAA, Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute in 2002, 2006, and 2007.

Although previous ROV dives have occurred on Davidson Seamount itself, there is unexplored deep rocky habitat southeast of the seamount that could harbor additional communities of corals and sponges. Through this section of the Nautilus expeditions, researchers intend to use the ROVs Hercules and Argus to document deep-water corals, sponges, and fishes, and collect biological samples. Researchers will also analyze water and sediment samples and collect environmental data that will aid in our understanding of the physical conditions of deep-water habitats.

LIVE SHIP-TO-SHORE EVENTS

October 20, 2018 - Santa Cruz, CA
October 21, 2018 - Santa Cruz, CA
October 27, 2018 - Santa Cruz, CA
October 28, 2018 - Santa Cruz, CA

Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Exploration Center
35 Pacific Avenue, Santa Cruz, CA 95060
1:00-1:30 pm
Free Admission

As part of the expedition, the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Exploration Center is working with Ocean Exploration Trust's renowned oceanographer Dr. Robert Ballard and his Corps of Exploration to bring real-time ship-to-shore telepresence interactions in the Center's auditorium. Dive into a 20-30 minute conversation with live presenters on E/V Nautilus and learn the exploration mission goals and recent deep sea discoveries.

Click each image below for a larger version.

dumbo octopus
This Grimpoteuthis sp., commonly known as an umbrella octopus or dumbo octopus, was approximately 60cm as measured with the 10cm scaling lasers on ROV Hercules. At first the ghostly octopus drifted past the camera on ROV Hercules flapping wing-like fins, then inverted its webbed arms, ballooning out to reveal eight rows of suckers. The octopus was spotted during the first dive of the expedition aboard E/V Nautilus exploring Davidson Seamount, in Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Photo: Ocean Exploration Trust/NOAA
dumbo octopus
This Grimpoteuthis sp., commonly known as an umbrella octopus or dumbo octopus, was approximately 60cm as measured with the 10cm scaling lasers on ROV Hercules. At first the ghostly octopus drifted past the camera on ROV Hercules flapping wing-like fins, then inverted its webbed arms, ballooning out to reveal eight rows of suckers. The octopus was spotted during the first dive of the expedition aboard E/V Nautilus exploring Davidson Seamount, in Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Photo: Ocean Exploration Trust/NOAA
many octopuses brooding along the seafloor
More than a thousand Muusoctopus robustus octopuses were observed on one dive in Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Most individuals were observed in a likely brooding posture, seen tucked into nooks with arms inverted covering their bodies and white egg clusters. Photo: Ocean Exploration Trust/NOAA
brooding octopuses
More than a thousand Muusoctopus robustus octopuses were observed on one dive in Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Most individuals were observed in a likely brooding posture, seen tucked into nooks with arms inverted covering their bodies and white egg clusters. Photo: Ocean Exploration Trust/NOAA
This Grimpoteuthis sp., commonly known as an umbrella octopus or dumbo octopus, was approximately 60cm as measured with the 10cm scaling lasers on ROV Hercules. At first the ghostly octopus drifted past the camera on ROV Hercules flapping wing-like fins, then inverted its webbed arms, ballooning out to reveal eight rows of suckers. The octopus was spotted during the first dive of the expedition aboard E/V Nautilus exploring Davidson Seamount, in Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Video: Ocean Exploration Trust/NOAA
More than a thousand Muusoctopus robustus octopuses were observed on one dive in Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Most individuals were observed in a likely brooding posture, seen tucked into nooks with arms inverted covering their bodies and white egg clusters. Video: Ocean Exploration Trust/NOAA

Exploration of submerged shorelines of the California Borderland

map of proposed targets in and around channel islands national marine sanctuary

Dates: November 2-14, 2018

Lead scientists: Dr. Robert Ballard, Ocean Exploration Trust; Dr. Larry Mayer, University of New Hampshire Center for Coastal Ocean Mapping

Area of exploration: Outer California Borderland, including parts of Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

In 2016, Nautilus partnered with Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and mapped areas within and around the sanctuary. During one of the ROV dives, researchers discovered evidence of the location of an ancient shoreline – an indication of past sea level.

During this part of the expedition, researchers will continue to identify and characterize the submerged shorelines associated with offshore banks in the Southern California region, including Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary. This is a follow-on to the effort by Nautilus over the last four years to acquire high-resolution mapping data of submerged shorelines and characterize primarily with remotely operated vehicles.

The Channel Islands region has a complex geologic history that includes initial formation by submarine volcanism 19 to 15 million years ago, platform rotation, and extreme regional uplift. This study will aid in understanding the complex sea level change and tectonic history of the northern Channel Islands and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary.

Educational Materials Related to the Nautilus Expedition

deep coral communities poster

Deep-Sea Coral Communities Curriculum

Deep-sea coral communities, like the ones found in the national marine sanctuaries of the West Coast, are home to many diverse species. This curriculum takes students into the deep sea to identify the soft corals, hard corals, invertebrates, and fish found in these communities and to investigate the unique biology of deep-sea corals. Students also learn the threats these animals face and what we can do help protect them.

rietta hohman

Webinar Archive of Deep-Sea Coral Communities Curriculum

This webinar archive provides an introduction to the Deep-Sea Coral Communities educational materials and hands-on activities.