Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale
2010 Condition Report

Photo of a humpback whale under water


The Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary would like to acknowledge the assistance of Karen Fox of Clancy Environmental Consultants, Inc., who was instrumental in developing the template for this document and providing the initial material under contract to NOAA. We appreciate the efforts of subject area experts who provided responses to questions that guided drafting of the "State of Sanctuary Resources" section of the report: Eric Brown (National Park Service), Suzanne Finney (Maritime Archaeology and History of the Hawaiian Islands Foundation), Kelly Gleason (Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument), Rebecca Hommon (Regional Counsel Navy Region Hawai'i), Cindy Hunter (University of Hawai'i), Jeff Rosen (Clancy Environmental Consultants, Inc.), Hans Van Tilburg (Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Pacific Islands Region), Jeff Walters (formerly with Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources and served as the sanctuary co-manager), Wendy Wiltse (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), and Paul Wong (Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary; HIHWNMS).

The report benefited significantly from the following individuals, who either provided a preliminary review of the report or provided comments and data: Malia Chow (HIHWNMS), Suzanne Finney (Maritime Archaeology and History of the Hawaiian Islands Foundation), Megan Forbes (NOAA Marine Debris Program), Alan Friedlander (Hawai'i Cooperative Fishery Research Unit, University of Hawai'i), June Harrigan-Lum (retired), Rebecca Hommon (U.S. Navy), Joey Lecky (HIHWNMS), Ed Lyman (HIHWNMS), Jonathan Martinez (Office of National Marine Sanctuaries Pacific Islands Region), Patty Miller (HIHWNMS), David Nichols (state co-manager, Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources), Terry O'Halloran (Change Strategies and Innovation), David Penn (Hawai'i Department of Health), Charlotte Schou (NOAA Office of Education, Hollings Undergraduate Scholarship Program, HIHWNMS), Hans Van Tilburg (Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Pacific Islands Region), Jeff Walters (NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service), and Paul Wong (HIHWNMS).

Our sincere thanks are also extended to the reviewers of this document: Dr. Robin W. Baird (Cascadia Research Collective), Dr. Cynthia Hunter (University of Hawai'i), Dr. Marc O. Lammers (Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology) and Dr. Adam A. Pack (University of Hawai'i at Hilo and The Dolphin Institute).



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Additional Resources

Bishop Museum

Cascadia Research Collective

Coral Reef Monitoring Data Portal

Endangered Species Act

Grays Harbor Ocean Energy Company

Hawai'i Coral Reef Initiative Research Program

Hawai'i Department of Health

Hawai'i Department of Transportation, Harbors Division

Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology

Hawai'i Undersea Research Laboratory

Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary

Interisland Wind

International Whaling Commission

Marine Conservation Biology Institute

Marine Mammal Protection Act

Marine Option Program at the University of Hawai'i

Marine Protected Areas of the United States

Migratory Bird Treaty Act

National Marine Sanctuaries Act

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

National Park Service

National Park Service Submerged Resources Center

Naval Historical Center

NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program

NOAA Coral Reef Information System (CoRIS)

NOAA Fisheries Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program

NOAA Hawai'i Undersea Research Laboratory

NOAA Marine Debris Program

NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service

NOAA Office of National Marine Sanctuaries

NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center

Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies

State of Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources

State of Hawai'i

State of Hawai'i's Department of Land and Natural Resources

Structures of Population, Levels of Abundance and Status of Humpback Whales (SPLASH project)

The Dolphin Institute

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency National Listing of Fish Advisories

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

U.S. Geological Survey

United States Coast Guard

University of Hawai'i

University of Hawai'i School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (UH SOEST)

UH SOEST Main Hawaiian Islands Multibeam Synthesis

Western Pacific Fishery Management Council

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution