Monitor National Marine Sanctuary
2008 Condition Report

Photo of Monitor and divers


Cuffey, R., Fonda, S., Bryozoans encrusting the 1862 Monitor Shipwreck off Cape Hatteras, Cheesebox, 1982, Vol.1, Number 1.

Cooksey, C. May 2004, Cruise Report Spring 2004 Survey of Ecological Conditions of U.S. South Atlantic Bight.

Dixon, R., Biology of the USS Monitor, NOAA Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research, Beaufort, NC, 1990.

Monitor National Marine Sanctuary. (1994). A Look at the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary: Past, Present, and Future. Newport News: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

National Marine Sanctuary Program. 2004. A monitoring framework for the National Marine Sanctuary System. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service. Silver Spring, MD. 22 pp.

Newton, J.  1974. Final Expedition Report: Cruise E-12-73. Geological Study: Origin of the Ridge and Swale. USS Monitor Collection Associated Records, Ernest W. Peterkin Collection, Series I: Correspondence 1973-1987. pp. 4-9.

Schollaert, S., T. Rossby, J. A. Yoder. 2004. Gulf Stream cross-frontal exchange: possible mechanisms to explain interannual variations in phytoplankton chlorophyll in the Slope Sea during the SeaWiFS years, Deep-Sea Research Part II, Vol. 51, pp. 173 -188.

Sheridan, R. 1979. Site Charting and Environment Studies of the Monitor Wreck, Journal of Field Archaeology, Vol.6, No.3, pp.253-264

Sheridan, R. 2004. Iron from the Deep. The discovery and recovery of the USSMonitor, naval Institute Press.

University Of Rhode Island. (2004, June 7). Oceanographers Find Gulf Stream Migration Affects Biological Productivity In Unexpected Way. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 3, 2008, from­/releases/2004/06/040604032005.htm

Additional Resources

Encyclopedia of the Sanctuaries Web site

Mariners’ Museum Web site

Monitor National Marine Sanctuary. (2003). NOAA Year 2003 Research Expedition to the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary. Newport News: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Monitor Collection, Encyclopedia of the Sanctuaries Web site

Monitor National Marine Sanctuary Web site, Charting a New Course for the Monitor

Monitor National Marine Sanctuary Web site, Expeditions

Monitor National Marine Sanctuary Web site, Location

Monitor National Marine Sanctuary Web site, Publications

Monitor National Marine Sanctuary Web site, Regulations

Monitor National Marine Sanctuary Web site

National Resources Defense Council Web site, Discussion of Overlapping Areas for Protection

NOAA Ocean Explorer Web site, Stream/South Atlantic Bight Expedition, Web site

SeaGrant North Carolina Web site, Coastwatch Holiday 2004: Diving for Red Lionfish

The Mariners’ Museum Web site

The North Carolina Coastal Ocean Observing System Web site

NOAA’s Northeast Fisheries Science Center Web site  

The Reef Environmental Education Foundation Web site, Geographic Report for USS Monitor

The USS Monitor Center